HUD Proposes Modernization Of Federal Housing Administration
|April 6, 2006
Legislative Proposal would increase access to FHA for potential homebuyers
WASHINGTON - In an effort to increase homeownership opportunity for many Americans, the Department of Housing and Urban Development today announced a far-reaching proposal to modernize the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and make it an important financing option in today's housing market.
Assistant Secretary for Housing- Federal Housing Commissioner Brian D. Montgomery presented the House Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity with the FHA Modernization Act, a legislative proposal that would enable FHA to reach deeper into the pool of prospective borrowers. Many of these borrowers are currently willing to pay subprime rates to become homeowners because they believe they have no other option.
"FHA was created during the Depression to stimulate the housing market at a time when homeownership simply wasn't a reality for most people," said Montgomery. "FHA has been able to help over 33 million families become homeowners since that time, but now it needs to be able to adapt to today's marketplace. A new, modern-era FHA would offer many hard-working Americans a variety of homeownership options that are safer and at a fair price."
The FHA Modernization Act would:
- 1) Create a new, risk-based insurance premium structure for FHA
that would match the premium amount with the credit profile of the borrower .
It would replace the current structure, in which there is standard premium amount for all
borrowers, while still protecting the soundness of its Insurance Fund. FHA would have the
flexibility to charge higher-risk borrowers a slightly higher premium, and to charge a
lower premium for low-risk borrowers.
- 2) Eliminate the current statutory three percent minimum down payment, reducing
a significant barrier to homeownership . FHA's existing down payment requirement
does not meet the demands of today's marketplace, where most first-time homebuyers put
down two percent or less. The "new" FHA would offer a variety of down payment
- 3) Increase and simplify FHA's loan limits . FHA's
loan limit in high-cost areas would rise from 87 to 100 percent of the GSE conforming loan
limit and in lower-cost areas from 48 to 65 percent of the conforming loan limit. This
change is crucial in today's housing market. In many areas of the country, the existing
FHA limits are lower than the cost of new construction, eliminating FHA financing as an
option for buyers of new homes in those markets. FHA has simply been priced out of the
market in other areas, such as California, where FHA insured only about 5,000 home mortgages
in all of 2005.
The legislation would also expand the availability of the Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM) program for the elderly by eliminating the cap on the number of these loans that FHA can insure. In addition, a new HECM for Home Purchase product would enable the elderly to move from the family home to housing more suitable for them as they age.
Other proposed reforms would make it easier for FHA to serve purchasers of affordable housing such as manufactured homes and condominiums. FHA would eliminate a feature of its Manufactured Housing program that limits how much a lender can recoup from mortgage defaults, providing greater incentive for lenders to make these loans. The proposal would also increase the loan limits to reflect the real cost of manufactured housing today. The legislation would also eliminate burdensome statutory provisions for insuring condominiums, which serve as one of the primary forms of affordable housing for first-time homebuyers.